A comprehensive review on Kanocha (Phyllanthus maderaspatensis): An important Unani drug
Sada Akhtar, Abdur Rauf, Mohd Zakir Siddiqui
Kanocha are the seeds of Phyllanthus maderaspatensis belongs to the family Phyllanthaceae. Phyllanthus is the largest genus in the family Phyllanthaceae. It is commonly called as Madras Leaf-Flower. It grows upto 50 cm tall, well-branched and hairless. Leaves are arranged in two ranks and they are inverted lance shaped, 1–4 cm long, up to 5 mm wide. Kanocha (Bhuiaamlaki) is a well-known and important drug of Unani medicine which is extensively used as a hepatoprotective agent but it also possesses some other pharmacological actions like expectorant, diaphoretic, concoctus of inflammation, sedative and useful in strangury and sweats. The seeds have a bad taste and are carminative, laxative, tonic to the liver, diuretic and useful in bronchitis, ear-ache, griping, ophthalmia and ascites. It has many pharmacological activities like antimicrobial activity, cytotoxic effect, hepatoprotective activity, and chemoprotective effect. This paper provides an overview on pharmacological, phytochemical properties and therapeutic benefits of the seeds.