A Review of traditional uses, phytoconstituents and pharmacological activities of Ipomoea obscura
K Desale, Sagar R Bagul, Shubham J Khairnar, Pankaj S Patil
The genus Ipomoea belonging to the family Convolvulaceae this family comprises overall 2000 species in the world. There are all species in that Ipomoea obscura having many medicinal uses also previously whole plant used traditionally and folk medicine. This plant is a slender, twinning perennial herb it looks like pale yellow flowers with deep purple throats adorn with vine like vigorous smell, heart shaped leaves. Phytochemical investigation of Ipomoea obscura observed different phytoconstituents such as Flavonoids, tannin, alkaloids, glycosides, phenols, phlobatannins and saponin, Steroids, terpenoids, protein, polyphenol, coumarins and sesquiterpene-rich volatile oil. Ipomoea obscura exhibited different activities like antimicrobial, antifungal, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, nephroprotective, cytotoxic/anti-tumour, anti-inflammatory and anti-diarrhoeal activity. This review expressed about different phytoconstituents that containing whole plant i.e. seeds, leaves, stem and flower aerial part by using different solvent like 70% methanol, ethanol, petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, water, acetone and chloroform and also expressed different activities having major role for curing the diseased condition.