International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences


International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol. 2, Issue 3 (2017)

Biochemical and phytochemical analysis of colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott tubers


T.V Krishnapriya, A. Suganthi

Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott belongs to the family Araceae. Nutritional value and preliminary phytochemical analysis of Colocasia esculenta dried tubers were determined. The tubers is used as a vegetable and considered as a good source of carbohydrate, protein and starch. Nutritional analysis showed that moisture content is (56.8%), ash content (1.22%), carbohydrate (3000 mg/100gm), protein (824 mg/100gm) and starch (2700 mg/100gm) in dry tubers. The tubers can be consumed by baking, roasting, steaming or boiling. It can be fried, preserved, dried, made in to flour or consumed in many other ways. Phytochemical analysis of revealed the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins and phenols. The tubers are applied locally to painful rheumatic joints, to treat tuberculosis and pulmonary congestion. Alkaloids are also used in medicine for reducing headache and fever. Glycosides are naturally cardioactive drugs used in the treatment of congestive heart failure. Flavonoids are free radical scavengers, super antioxidants and potent water soluble which prevent oxidative cell damage and have strong anti-inflammatory action. Thus it can be concluded that Colocasia esculenta is a staple food and also have significant amount of phytochemicals, thus recommended for pharmaceutical industry.
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How to cite this article:
T.V Krishnapriya, A. Suganthi. Biochemical and phytochemical analysis of colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott tubers. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 2, Issue 3, 2017, Pages 21-25
International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences