Preliminary phytochemical and biochemical analysis of Hemigraphis colorata H.G. Hallier
Reshma Rajeev K, Sincy Joseph, Neethu Ek, Kavya V, Anjali Km, M Suga Bharathi
The traditional and folk medicine system uses the plant products for the treatment of various infectious diseases. Studies by various researchers have proved that plants are one of the major sources for drug. The curative properties of medicinal plants are due to the presence of various chemical substances of different composition which occur as secondary metabolites. Hemigraphis colorata is traditional medicinal plant mainly used to treat cut and wounds. The present work revealed that the phytochemical analysis of ethanolic extract of Hemigraphis colorata contain carbohydrate, protein, flavonoid, saponin, tannin, steroid and glycoside. The chloroform extract shows the presence of carbohydrate, protein, aminoacid, alkaloid, tannin, steroid and glycoside. The benzene extract indicate the presence of tannin, terpenoid, gum, carbohydrate, protein, steroid and glycoside. The moisture content in dry leaves of Hemigraphis colorata is 4.5%, total ash value (12.5%). The physicochemical parameters such as ash value and determination of moisture loss was used to determine the quality and purity of a crude drug. The biochemical analysis of Hemigraphis colorata revealed that 28.12 mg of carbohydrate, 5.6 mg of protein and 25.30 mg of starch. Hemigraphis colorata possessed considerable level of bioactive compounds and therefor, these species can be used as a potential source of drugs. The plant has immense power to cure fresh wound, ulcers, inflammations and skin complaints.
Reshma Rajeev K, Sincy Joseph, Neethu Ek, Kavya V, Anjali Km, M Suga Bharathi. Preliminary phytochemical and biochemical analysis of Hemigraphis colorata H.G. Hallier. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 3, Issue 3, 2018, Pages 05-09