Methi (Trigonella foenum-graecum): A multifunctional unani drug
Anju, Mohammad Idris
Unani medicine of system has gained popularity among the society in current scenario. They have been used for their scent, flavor, or therapeutic properties. Methi or Trigonella foenum-graecum (TFG) belonging to the family Fabaceae is an aromatic perennial herb which is cultivated throughout India. It is widely used in cosmetic and flavoring industries. Itis included in the formulations used for chloasma, improving complexion and beautification. According to Unani classical literature, its suppository was made in conjunction with duck fat and introduced into the body to cure cirrhosis of the uterus and its mouth opened up. It is extensively used for several human diseases mentioned in Unani system of medicine. Various scientific/ experimental studies have been performed presently on TFG namely, phytochemical, physicochemical, pharmacological and clinical studies. In this review, Various actions and clinical indications have been elaborated in the Unani classical literature and some properties namely Anti-inflammatory, An-diabetic, Antiarthritic, Antiglycemic, Antioxidant and Anti-stress activities have been revalidated in the light of recent scientific researches. Significant information about METHI as a traditional herbal medicine is provided in this review.