Drug addiction: A big challenge for youth and children’s
Ajay Kumar, Indu Dangi, Dr. RS Pawar
Drug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder in which compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior persists despite serious negative consequences. Theories of addiction have mainly been developed from neurobiologic evidence and data from studies of learning behavior and memory mechanisms. The World Health Organization1 and the American Psychiatric Association use the term “substance dependence” rather than “drug addiction.” The risk for developing an addiction is exceptionally high during the adolescent and young adult years, and worldwide families and communities are suffering because of addiction’s widespread impact. Drug addiction causes sufferers to experience physical and psychological dependency on illicit, mind-altering including illegal intoxicants like cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, and PCP. Many people also become addicted to misused prescription drugs, or to chemical substances not manufactured for human consumption, to party drugs hallucinogens like LSD, or to marijuana, which despite its benign reputation is the most widely abused illicit drug substances. Drug addiction is treatable and can be successfully managed. More good news is that drug use and addiction are preventable. Teachers, parents, and health care providers have crucial roles in educating young people and preventing drug use and addiction. Individuals who start using drugs and alcohol as teenagers are far more likely to develop an addiction than those who initiate use as an adult. In fact, addiction could be seen as primarily an adolescent illness as most peoples’ addictions initially develop during this time period. Addiction is a brain-based disorder. For many, the disorder is present before they ever begin using substances. As the drug epidemic continues to painstakingly seep into the country’s social and cultural aspects, drug abuse naturally trickles into our younger generation – a generation refusing to be left out. Making up one-fifth of the population, 15-24 year-olds carry with them India’s future. The youth of our nation will eventually determine the country’s moral, political, and social persuasions. Bearing the burden of a densely populated country like India is no small task. And drug abuse does nothing to lighten the load. The youth of our nation has a massive responsibility. And as India’s potential rests delicately in their hands the drug epidemic continues to rage on the sidelines. Just as a single footballer’s attitude and actions can hurt his whole team and cause them to lose the match, illicit drugs have the potential to thwart the success of India's future.
Ajay Kumar, Indu Dangi, Dr. RS Pawar. Drug addiction: A big challenge for youth and children’s. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 4, Issue 1, 2019, Pages 35-40