Anemia is defined as the clinical state where the blood lacks healthy red blood cells and this results in decreased oxygen flow to different organs of the body. Iron deficiency anemia is occurred due to insufficient iron. Without adequate iron, the body cannot produce enough of hemoglobin which is a vital part of red blood cells and thus it causes impaired oxygen supply. Iron deficiency anemia is a more severe medical condition in which small levels of iron are linked with anemia and the existence of microcytic hypochromic red cells. Iron Deficiency anaemia is a very common disease in women especially at the time of Menarche & pregnancy including delivery. Due to etiological factors shortage of iron in our body occurs. The causes may be due to default of any physiological systems especially poor digestive system. Due to inadequate iron, haemoglobin deficiency occurs in body. Due to these reasons bone marrow is also not able to produce enough haemoglobin. Most of the cases of iron deficiency anaemia are mild and do not cause complications. The condition can generally be improved easily. Though, if anaemia or iron deficiency is left untreated, it can cause to other health problems. Iron tablets help to restore iron levels in the body. Taking iron tablets in empty stomach helps in absorption of iron faster. If facing any adverse effects, can be taken after meals also. But the supplements should be continued for several months. These Iron supplements may cause constipation or black stools. Drug-induced iron deficiency anaemia is a blood disorder that occurs when a medication triggers the body's immune system to attack its own red blood cells. This causes red blood cells to break down earlier than normal, a process known as haemolysis.
Prolay Paul, Dipankar Maiti, Triyasha Adhikary. Iron deficiency anemia- An updated overview. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 6, Issue 5, 2021, Pages 1-6